Building a Financial Foundation for the Next Generation
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1.1 million students (ages 20 to 29) earned a bachelor’s degree between January and October of 2020. Unfortunately, many of them will be saddled with thousands of dollars in credit card debt, on top of school loans, when they are handed their diplomas. Here are a few tips to help graduates pay down their debt and attain a solid financial footing as they enter the working world. Grads may even want to work with the family financial advisor or investment professional to try to accomplish some of these goals.
1. Get a financial education
Many new graduates know very little about money management when they leave college. The good news is that it will not take more money to learn about personal finance. There are dozens of free articles and advice sites on the Web. Mint.com is one of the more popular ones that specifically target the needs of young people, offering free advice and online tools for everything from creating household budgets to finding the best banking services.
There are also a number of financial planning books written for young earners, and they do not have to come with a price tag. The local library likely stocks quite a few of them.
Young adults might consider joining their parents in a financial planning session with their parent’s financial advisor or investment professional.
2. Consider following the 50/30/20 budget rule
Many financial advisors or investment professionals suggest that newly minted college grads begin to budget with this simple formula: 50% of income goes to necessities, 30% goes to discretionary purchases and 20% is used to build savings or pay down debt.
This is a tough rule to live by, but it may help keep virtually any adult — even one well into his or her career — from seriously stumbling if unforeseen circumstances (a layoff or medical expense, for instance) should suddenly strain personal finances.
Of course, saving money, especially for long-term goals, may be an afterthought for those with student loan debt. In the United States, this is where employer sponsored 401(k) retirement plans can be a real boon to young workers. Under these plans, many employers match up to a certain percentage of employee contributions to the plan, potentially doubling that portion of employees’ savings.
Learning does not stop after college. After graduation, young adults should
- get educated about finances
- create and follow a budget
- steer clear of unnecessary expenses
- avoid high-interest credit card debt
- establish a good credit history
It’s easy for recently employed grads to set up automatic contributions to a 401(k) through their company’s payroll system so that money is saved for retirement before it can even hit a bank account. A 401(k) may help a young investor get comfortable with the stock market’s long-term potential, despite its perceived risks.
3. Shop around for a bank account
Banks typically offer several types of checking and savings accounts. People who write lots of checks may need a bank that offers low or no checking account fees. Savers or those who prefer to do most bill-paying online may prefer a bank with a high-yield savings account.
It’s important to find a bank that has convenient retail locations and provides services at competitive fees. Fees that can vary from bank to bank include ATM fees, balance inquiries, flat monthly fees, per-check fees, overdraft protection fees, fees for going below the minimum balance, bounced check fees, stop payment fees and account closing fees. It’s a long list, so potential customers should make sure to read the fine print on the account application.
4. Keep an eye on expenses
One of the best ways to keep an eye on spending is to save receipts. Total them up at the end of the week and make note of where the money is going. If a lot of receipts are for nice but not necessary purchases — such as coffee or lunch — try to cut them out. Coffee can be made at home, and lunch packed in the morning before work.
New grads should consider putting those hard-earned dollars to better use by paying down debt — either school loans or credit card balances. Keep in mind that the debt carrying the highest interest rates should be paid off first to keep expenses in line with your income.
5. Use credit cards wisely
Credit cards may seem like easy money, but the interest rates they charge can be high. Whenever possible, purchases should be paid for with cash or a debit card to keep credit card debt low.
Those who wish to get a credit card should shop around for the lowest rates and fees before signing up for a card. They should also consider paying more than the minimum due to pay down the debt as quickly as possible. And they should try to keep any balances below 30% of the card’s credit limit. Most of all, they should remember to pay the bill on time. A history of paying bills on time helps build a good credit history, which is necessary for big purchases down the road. In fact, without a good credit history, it can be difficult to get a loan, which nearly everyone needs when it’s time for a new car or first home.
Keep in mind that all investments carry a certain amount of risk, including the possible loss of the principal amount invested.
Click on the link below to read MFS' entire article on how to build a financial foundation.